Weed resources

Cover of weed identification booklet

This guide has been developed to assist the community and stakeholders with identifying some of the highest priority weed species in our region--what they look like and control techniques--and how they can discharge their biosecurity duty. By doing so, they can help to protect our region from the threat posed by some of the most invasive weeds and help reduce the negative impacts on our environment, economy, and way of life.

View or download a copy here.


This booklet has been developed to support people in the Far North Coast of NSW identify specific weeds that are more likely to spread due to mass water movement.

Everybody has a biosecurity duty. We can all play an active part in maintaining our region’s unique biodiversity.

View or download a copy here.



Weed identification
Australian Government: Weeds in Australia identification tool
NSW WeedWise


Fact sheets
Alligator weed (Alternanthera philoxeroides)
Bamboo (fast spreading / running)
Bitou bush (Chrysanthemoides monilifera subsp. rotundata)
Broad-leaf pepper tree (Schinus terebinthifolius)
Cecropia (Cecropia peltata)
Chinese celtis (Celtis sinensis)
Chinese violet (Asystasia gangetica subsp. micrantha)
Cockscomb coral tree (Erythrina crista-galli) (aka Cockspur coral tree)
Control techniques using herbicides
Frogbit (Limnobium laevigatum)
Giant devil's fig (Solanum chrysotrichum)
Giant rat's tail grass and other weedy Sporobolus species
Glory lily (Gloriosa superba)
Green cestrum (Cestrum parqui)
Groundsel bush (Baccharis halimifolia)
Honey locust (Gleditsia triacanthos)
Hymenachne (Hymenachne amplexicaulis)
Job's tears (Coix lacryma-jobi)
Kidney leaf mud plantain (Heteranthera reniformis)
Koster's curse (Clidemia hirta)
Leaf cactus (Pereskia aculeata)
Miconia (Miconia calvescens)
Mysore thorn (Caesalpinia decapetala)
Paper mulberry (Broussonetia papyrifera)
Parthenium weed (Parthenium hysterophorus)
Parthenium weed (Parthenium hysterophorus) in hay or fodder
Poisonous plants
Pond apple (Annona glabra)
Prickly acacia (Vachellia nilotica)
Prickly pear cacti (various groups)
Seeded banana (Musa spp.)
Senegal tea plant (Gymnocoronis spilanthoides)
Tropical soda apple (Solanum viarum) and similar Solanum species
Tropical soda apple (Solanum viarum)
Water lettuce (Pistia stratiotes)
Yellow bells (Tecoma stans)


Operational procedures
Machinery and vehicle washdown checklist


Useful links
Resources Australian Government: Weeds in Australia
  Biosecurity Act 2015
  Biosecurity Act 2015 factsheets
  Biosecurity Regulation 2017
  Biosecurity Regulation 2017 - Weeds
  Environmental Protection Authority (EPA)
  Landcare Australia
  Local Land Services
  North Coast Regional Strategic Weed Management Plan 2017-2022
  Northern Landcare Support Services
  NSW Biosecurity Strategy 2013-2021
  NSW Department of Primary Industries – Weeds
  NSW Invasive Species Plan
  NSW Office of Environment and Heritage – Weeds
  NSW Weeds Action Program 2015-2020
  PlantNET – NSW Flora online


Other information
Rous County Council Weed Biosecurity priority list
Best practice management Giant rats tail grass and Giant Parramatta grass (Weedy sporobolus)
Control manuals Camphor laurel (Cinnamomum camphora) (compiled by Janet Townsend)